Are Transactions and Market Orders More Important than Limit Orders in the Quote Updating Process?
Rodney L. White Center Working Paper No. 16-98
Posted: 10 Aug 1998
Transactions, market orders and limit orders are three major factors which affect a specialist's information set and her inventory position. In modeling a specialist's quote updating process, before any exclusion of any of these factors, one should first address the fundamental question of their relative importance in this process. This question, however, has received little attention both in the theoretical and empirical microstructure literature. Using a simple nonparametric test we investigate the relative importance of these three factors. We demonstrate that both market orders and transactions affect the quote updating process significantly more than limit orders, and that transactions affect it more than market orders. These results also hold after controlling for transaction and order size. We demonstrate that the importance of market orders relative to limit orders is due to their potential impact on a specialist's inventory position. In fact, after controlling for the specialist's inventory risk exposure, on average, limit orders convey more information about the value of the underlying security.
JEL Classification: G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation