The Determinants of HIV Infection and Related Sexual Behaviors: Evidence from Lesotho

46 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Lucia Corno

Lucia Corno

Bocconi University

Damien de Walque

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: December 1, 2007

Abstract

This paper analyzes the socioeconomic determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviors using the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey. The authors find that in Lesotho education appears to have a protective effect: it is negatively associated with HIV infection (although not always significantly) and it strongly predicts preventive behaviors. The findings also show that married women who have extra-marital relationships are less likely to use a condom than non-married women. This is an important source of vulnerability that should be addressed in prevention efforts. The paper also analyzes HIV infection at the level of the couple. It shows that in 41 percent of the infected couples, only one of the two partners is HIV infected. Therefore, there are still opportunities for prevention inside the couple.

Keywords: Population Policies, HIV AIDS, Gender and Health, Disease Control & Prevention, Health Monitoring & Evaluation

Suggested Citation

Corno, Lucia and de Walque, Damien, The Determinants of HIV Infection and Related Sexual Behaviors: Evidence from Lesotho (December 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4421, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1062403

Lucia Corno

Bocconi University ( email )

Via Sarfatti 25
Milano, MI 20070
Italy

Damien De Walque (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/ddewalque

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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