When Does Diffusion Matter? Explaining the Spread of Structural Pension Reforms Across Nations

15 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2007

See all articles by Sarah Brooks

Sarah Brooks

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Political Science

Abstract

When and where is cross-national diffusion an important determinant of policy innovation? I posit that the characteristics of a policy innovation whether it imposes high or low sunk costs on adopters and country attributes such as wealth, mediate the importance of diffusion in domestic policy choices. Competing risks analysis of two structural pension reform models in 71 developing and industrialized countries supports these hypotheses. Peer diffusion weighs heavily in the adoption of the costly funded defined-contribution pension reform model, and does so principally among middle-income nations, while the less-costly notional defined-contribution pension reform is not governed by diffusion.

Suggested Citation

Brooks, Sarah M., When Does Diffusion Matter? Explaining the Spread of Structural Pension Reforms Across Nations. Journal of Politics, Vol. 69, Issue 3, pp. 701-715, August 2007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1065984 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2508.2007.00569.x

Sarah M. Brooks (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Political Science ( email )

Columbus, OH 43210
United States

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