Approaches to Business Incubation: A Comparative Study of the United States, China and Brazil
Networks Financial Institute Working Paper No. 2007-WP-29
42 Pages Posted: 19 Dec 2007
Date Written: November 1, 2007
The purpose of this paper is to describe and compare key elements of the business incubation landscape in the United States, China and Brazil in order to provide an understanding of the similarities and differences in incubation systems across the three countries, as well as the opportunities and challenges inherent in the macro-environmental and institutional environments for new business creation. Incubator models are described and compared along key dimensions which include strategic objectives, incubator financing/incubator sponsorship and its impact on strategy, and the incubator's service mix with an emphasis on financial services provided by incubators to client firms. The role of government and its impact on incubator strategy as well as its role in supporting the environment for new business creation is discussed. A study of incubation and the innovation ecosystem in these leading incubation markets ought to have relevance not just in cross cultural comparative settings, but also to global incubation in both developed and developing countries, in terms of policy and practice.
Keywords: Business incubators, new business creation, incubator financing/ sponsorship, incubator financial services
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