The Role of Retail Chains: National, Regional, and Industry Results

33 Pages Posted: 5 Mar 2008

See all articles by Shawn D. Klimek

Shawn D. Klimek

U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies

Ron S. Jarmin

U.S. Census Bureau

Javier Miranda

US Census Bureau — Economy-Wide Statistics Division

Date Written: October 1, 2005

Abstract

We use the establishment level data in the Longitudinal Business Database to measure changes in market structure in the U.S. Retail Trade sector during the period, 1976 to 2000. We use firm ownership information to construct measures of firm entry and exit and also to categorize four types of retail firms: single location, and local, regional, and national chains. We use detailed location data to examine market structure in both national and county markets. We summarize the county level results into three groups: metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural. We find that retail activity is increasingly occurring at establishments owned by chain firms, especially large national chains. On average, we find that all types of retail firms are increasing in size during the period. We also find that larger markets experience more firm turnover. Finally, we see that entry and exit rates vary across two-digit retail industries.

Suggested Citation

Klimek, Shawn D. and Jarmin, Ron S. and Miranda, Javier, The Role of Retail Chains: National, Regional, and Industry Results (October 1, 2005). US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP-05-30. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1080225 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1080225

Shawn D. Klimek

U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies ( email )

4600 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233
United States
(301) 763-2861 (Phone)
(301 763-5935 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ces.census.gov

Ron S. Jarmin (Contact Author)

U.S. Census Bureau ( email )

4700 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233
United States

Javier Miranda

US Census Bureau — Economy-Wide Statistics Division ( email )

Washington, DC
United States

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