Can Healthcare IT Save Babies?

60 Pages Posted: 3 Jan 2008 Last revised: 30 Jul 2012

Amalia R. Miller

University of Virginia - Department of Economics

Catherine E. Tucker

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Management Science (MS)

Date Written: April 14, 2011

Abstract

Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) facilitate fast and accurate access to patient records, which could improve diagnosis and patient monitoring. Using a 12-year county-level panel, we find that a 10 percent increase in births that occur in hospitals with EMRs reduces neonatal mortality by 16 deaths per 100,000 live births. This is driven by a reduction of deaths from conditions requiring careful monitoring. We also find a strong decrease in mortality when we instrument for EMRs adoption using variation in state medical privacy laws. Rough cost-effectiveness calculations suggest that EMRs are associated with a cost of $531,000 per baby's life saved.

Keywords: Healthcare IT, Infant Mortality, Hospital Quality, Technology Diffusion, Privacy Protection

JEL Classification: I1, K2, L5, O3

Suggested Citation

Miller, Amalia R. and Tucker, Catherine E., Can Healthcare IT Save Babies? (April 14, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1080262 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1080262

Amalia R. Miller (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 400182
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4182
United States

HOME PAGE: http://people.virginia.edu/~am5by/

Catherine E. Tucker

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Management Science (MS) ( email )

100 Main St
E62-536
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States

HOME PAGE: http://cetucker.scripts.mit.edu

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