Download this Paper Open PDF in Browser

Are There Lessons for Africa from China's Success Against Poverty?

31 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016  

Martin Ravallion

Georgetown University

Date Written: January 1, 2008


At the outset of China's reform period, the country had a far higher poverty rate than for Africa as a whole. Within five years that was no longer true. This paper tries to explain how China escaped from a situation in which extreme poverty persisted due to failed and unpopular policies. While acknowledging that Africa faces constraints that China did not, and that context matters, two lessons stand out. The first is the importance of productivity growth in small holder agriculture, which will require both market-based incentives and public support. The second is the role played by strong leadership and a capable public administration at all levels of government.

Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction, Population Policies, Achieving Shared Growth, Services & Transfers to Poor

Suggested Citation

Ravallion, Martin, Are There Lessons for Africa from China's Success Against Poverty? (January 1, 2008). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, Vol. , pp. -, 2008. Available at SSRN:

Martin Ravallion (Contact Author)

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States

Paper statistics

Abstract Views