The Cost of Credibility: The Company of General Farms and Fiscal Stagnation in Eighteenth Century France
Essays in Business and Economic History, Vol. 24, pp. 16-28, 2006
22 Pages Posted: 7 Jan 2008
The Company of General Farms was a quasi-private organization responsible for collecting about half of French Tax Revenues during the eighteenth century. It was also one of the largest lenders to the Crown. The relationship between the Crown and the General Farms resembled modern models of Sovereign Debt as a "Contingent Claim." Positive lending is sustained in these models when the Lender credibly commits to withhold funds from the Sovereign in case of default. The General Farms maintained this commitment through its monopsony over taxation and lending activities. As the Revolution approached, however, the efforts of the Company to protect this monopsony significantly reduced the ability of the Crown to reform the fiscal system. The history of the Company of General Farms adds to our understanding of the literature on sovereign debt by identifying how an equilibrium, like the one described in the Contingent Claims literature, may raise the cost of engaging in legitimate reform.
Keywords: Economic History, France, Old Regime
JEL Classification: N23, F34, D73
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation