Disappearing Internal Capital Markets: Evidence from Diversified Business Groups in Korea
37 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2008 Last revised: 27 Aug 2008
Date Written: August 1, 2008
This paper examines how the onset of a financial crisis affects the operation of internal capital markets among firms within a diversified business group. We find that active internal capital markets within Korean business groups (chaebols) attenuated the financial constraints of the group-affiliated firms, allowing them to make efficient capital allocations during the early 1990s. However, these markets are barely functioning after the financial crisis of 1997. Instead, we observe public debt markets serving as a substitute for internal capital markets. Our results suggest that chaebol firms' coordinated attempts to achieve healthier financial structures in the wake of the crisis have taken place at the expense of investment efficiency.
Keywords: Internal capital market, Korean chaebol, Financial crisis
JEL Classification: G31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation