The Cost of Pride: Why Do Firms from Developing Countries Bid Higher?
48 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2008 Last revised: 11 Jan 2010
Date Written: January 8, 2010
Using an extensive panel of cross-border M&A transactions between 1990 and 2007, we find that firms from developing countries (versus those from developed countries) bid higher on average to acquire assets in developed countries. We are interested in why these higher bids occur. We find that bids of firms from developing countries are higher in cases where the transaction displays “national pride” characteristics, where national pride is identified through a manual examination of media articles. These results, which are robust to numerous specifications (including alternative measures of national pride) and control variables, are both statistically and economically significant and highlight a source of pride beyond personal hubris which potentially influences corporate decision makers.
Keywords: Mergers & Acquisitions, bid premium, national pride, emerging markets
JEL Classification: G12, G15, G24, G34, G32, O16, F23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation