Parks and Peoples: The Social Impact of Protected Areas

Posted: 9 Jan 2008

See all articles by Paige West

Paige West

Columbia University - Barnard College

­James Igoe

University of Colorado at Denver - Department of Anthropology

Dan Brockington

The University of Manchester - Institute for Development Policy and Management

Abstract

This review examines the social, economic, and political effects of environmental conservation projects as they are manifested in protected areas. We pay special attention to people living in and displaced from protected areas, analyze the worldwide growth of protected areas over the past 20 years, and offer suggestions for future research trajectories in anthropology. We examine protected areas as a way of seeing, understanding, and producing nature (environment) and culture (society) and as a way of attempting to manage and control the relationship between the two. We focus on social, economic, scientific, and political changes in places where there are protected areas and in the urban centers that control these areas. We also examine violence, conflict, power relations, and governmentality as they are connected to the processes of protection. Finally, we examine discourse and its effects and argue that anthropology needs to move beyond the current examinations of language and power to attend to the ways in which protected areas produce space, place, and peoples.

Keywords: governmentality, displacement, virtualism, environment, conservation

Suggested Citation

West, Paige and Igoe, ­James and Brockington, Dan, Parks and Peoples: The Social Impact of Protected Areas. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 35, October 2006, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1081408

Paige West (Contact Author)

Columbia University - Barnard College ( email )

3009 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

­James Igoe

University of Colorado at Denver - Department of Anthropology ( email )

Denver, CO 80217-3364
United States

Dan Brockington

The University of Manchester - Institute for Development Policy and Management ( email )

Manchester
United Kingdom

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