49 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2008 Last revised: 16 Nov 2013
Date Written: January 8, 2008
This paper studies the announcement returns from 4,764 mergers over the last 57 years in order to shed light on the causes of corporate diversification. One prominent view is that diversification is value destroying, either because of agency problems or internal investment distortions, but we find that combined (acquirer + target) announcement returns were significantly positive for diversifying mergers throughout the period, and no lower than the returns to related mergers. We find that returns to diversifying acquisitions declined after the 1970s, and that investors rewarded mergers involving financially constrained firms before but not after 1980, consistent with the view that the value of internal capital markets declined after the conglomerate merger wave.
* Earlier versions of this paper were circulated under the names Fifty Years of Diversification Announcements and The Waning of Corporate Diversification.
Keywords: Diversification, Mergers, Acquisitions, Mergers and Acquisitions, Internal Capital Markets, Corporate Diversification, Corporate Governance, Corporate Control
JEL Classification: G34, G3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Akbulut, Mehmet and Matsusaka, John G., 50+ Years of Diversification Announcements (January 8, 2008). USC CLEO Research Paper No. C08-2; Marshall School of Business Working Paper No. MKT 11-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1081645 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1081645