Sustainability Values, Attitudes, and Behaviors: A Review of Multinational and Global Trends

Posted: 10 Jan 2008

See all articles by Anthony A. Leiserowitz

Anthony A. Leiserowitz

Decision Research

­ Robert W. Kates

Harvard University - Initiative on Science and Technology for Sustainability (ISTS)

Thomas M. Parris

Sustainability Programs

Abstract

This review surveys five major efforts to identify and declare values essential to global sustainability; describes empirical trends (as measured by multinational and global-scale surveys) in values, attitudes, and behaviors related to human and economic development, the environment, and driving forces (population, affluence, technology, and entitlements); and describes empirical trends in attitudes toward contextual values that condition sustainable development (e.g., freedom and democracy, capitalism, globalization, and equality). Finally, the review identifies important barriers between attitudes and behavior; draws several conclusions regarding the value, attitudinal, and behavioral changes needed to achieve global sustainability; and suggests future research directions.

Keywords: sustainable development, sustainability transition, public opinion, environment

Suggested Citation

Leiserowitz, Anthony A. and Kates, ­ Robert W. and Parris, Thomas M., Sustainability Values, Attitudes, and Behaviors: A Review of Multinational and Global Trends. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 31, November 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1081968

Anthony A. Leiserowitz (Contact Author)

Decision Research ( email )

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­ Robert W. Kates

Harvard University - Initiative on Science and Technology for Sustainability (ISTS) ( email )

Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Thomas M. Parris

Sustainability Programs ( email )

Burlington, VT 05401
United States

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