Vaccine Shortages: History, Impact, and Prospects for the Future

Posted: 10 Jan 2008

See all articles by Alan R. Hinman

Alan R. Hinman

Task Force for Child Survival and Development

Walter A. Orenstein

Emory University - School of Medicine

­Jeanne M. Santoli

Government of the United States of America - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Lance E. Rodewald

Government of the United States of America - National Immunization Program (NIP)

Stephen L. Cochi

Government of the United States of America - National Immunization Program (NIP)

Abstract

Vaccine shortages can result from higher-than-expected demand, interruptions in production/supply, or a lack of resources to purchase vaccines. Each of these factors has played a role in vaccine shortages in the United States during the past 20 years. Since 2000, the United States has experienced an unprecedented series of shortages of vaccines recommended for widespread use against 9 diseases, after more than 15 years without vaccine supply problems. In developing countries, the major cause of vaccine shortages is lack of resources to purchase them. Although there are several steps that could reduce the likelihood of future vaccine shortages, many would take several years to implement. Consequently, we will probably continue to see occasional shortages of vaccines in the United States in the next few years.

Keywords: vaccine manufacture, liability, health policy, immunization

Suggested Citation

Hinman, Alan R. and Orenstein, Walter A. and Santoli, ­Jeanne M. and Rodewald, Lance E. and Cochi, Stephen L., Vaccine Shortages: History, Impact, and Prospects for the Future. Annual Review of Public Health, Vol. 27, April 2006, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1082483

Alan R. Hinman (Contact Author)

Task Force for Child Survival and Development ( email )

Decatur, GA 30030
United States

Walter A. Orenstein

Emory University - School of Medicine ( email )

201 Dowman Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

­Jeanne M. Santoli

Government of the United States of America - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ( email )

1600 Clifton Rd.
Atlanta, GA
United States

Lance E. Rodewald

Government of the United States of America - National Immunization Program (NIP) ( email )

United States

Stephen L. Cochi

Government of the United States of America - National Immunization Program (NIP) ( email )

United States

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