When Clusters Become Networks

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. 2007-100/3

34 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2008

See all articles by Sandra Phlippen

Sandra Phlippen

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR); Tinbergen Institute

Bert van der Knaap

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR)

Date Written: December 2007

Abstract

Policy makers spend large amounts of public resources on the foundation of science parks and other forms of geographically clustered business activities, in order to stimulate regional innovation. Underlying the relation between clusters and innovation is the assumption that co-located firms engaged in innovative activities benefit from knowledge that diffuses locally. In order to access this knowledge, firms are often required to form more- or less formal relations with co-located firms. Empirical evidence shows however that besides some success cases like Silicon Valley and the Emilia-Romagna region where firms collaborate intensively, many regional clusters are mere co-locations of firms. To enhance our understanding of why some clusters become networks of strategic collaboration and others don't, we study link formation within European biopharmaceutical clusters. More specifically we look at the effect of cluster characteristics such as number of start-up firms, established firms or academic institutions, or the nature of the collaborations on the probability of local link formation.

Keywords: regional clusters, networks, local & global linkages, pharmaceutical industry

JEL Classification: R11, R12, R58, D83, D85

Suggested Citation

Phlippen, Sandra and van der Knaap, Bert, When Clusters Become Networks (December 2007). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. 2007-100/3. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1082689 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1082689

Sandra Phlippen (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands

Tinbergen Institute

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Bert Van der Knaap

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
235
Abstract Views
1,058
rank
139,851
PlumX Metrics