Hierarchical Decomposition of Production and Capacity Investment Decisions in Stochastic Manufacturing Systems
International Transactions in Operational Research, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 435-451, 1994
17 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2008 Last revised: 14 May 2019
Date Written: 1994
This paper is concernced with hierarchical decisions regarding production and investment in capacity in manufacturing systems with production subject to breakdown and repair. The production capacity can be increased by investing continuously in new capacity which is available upon completion. The decision variables are the rates of production and investment in capacity. The investment rate is assumed to have an upper bound. If, as assumed, the rates of breakdown and repair of production equipment are much larger than the rate of discounting of costs, the given problem can be approximated by a simpler problem in which the stochastic production capacity is replaced by the average capacity. Asymptotically optimal controls for the given problem are constructed from nearly optimal controls of the limiting problem. In addition, we analyze the behavior of the solution as the investment rate is allowed to become arbitrarily large.
Keywords: production, inventory, investment, capital budgeting, planning, optimization; control; systems, Markov, dynamic programming
JEL Classification: M11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation