Patterns of Labour Market Integration in Europe: A Life Course Perspective on Time Policies

Posted: 16 Jan 2008

See all articles by Dominique Anxo

Dominique Anxo

Department of Economics and Statistics, Linnaeus University

Colette Fagan

University of Manchester

Inmaculada Cebrian

University of Alcala - Department of Fundamentals of Economics and Economic History

Gloria Moreno

University of Alcala - Department of Fundamentals of Economics and Economic History

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Abstract

This article examines the patterns of labour-market integration over the life course of men and women in seven European countries. We select a range of household categories coinciding with different phases in the life course and use the European Community Household Panel survey to identify four broad national models, which are associated with different state regimes with regards to 'time policy'. These are the Nordic 'universal breadwinner' model (Sweden) of high participation involving long part-time or full-time hours and high employment continuity for both sexes over the life course; the 'modified breadwinner' model (France) where family formation and motherhood are still associated with withdrawal from the labour market for some groups of women and where mothers who are employed work predominantly full-time; the Mediterranean 'exit or full-time' model (Italy and Spain) where fewer women are employed, but when employed generally work full-time; finally different models of 'Maternal part-time work' (Dutch, German and UK) where motherhood is associated with a reduction in the employment rate that is less than that found in the Mediterranean countries and in France, but where part-time hours are the norm for mothers, even when children are older.

We conclude that the Nordicmodel features the least pronounced gender inequality in time allocation to employment over the life course combined with a greater level of 'active ageing' of older workers. This profile is supported by a coherent an integrated set of policies for time and income management over the life course in contrast to the more piecemeal measures that exist in other national models. Hence, the Nordic model offers important insights for EU employment policy.

Keywords: labor supply, household behavior, gender inequality, Europe

JEL Classification: J21, J22, J16

Suggested Citation

Anxo, Dominique and Fagan, Colette and Cebrian, Inmaculada and Moreno, Gloria, Patterns of Labour Market Integration in Europe: A Life Course Perspective on Time Policies. Socio-Economic Review, Vol. 5, 2007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1083342

Dominique Anxo (Contact Author)

Department of Economics and Statistics, Linnaeus University ( email )

SE-351 95
Sweden
+46 708 83 41 54 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://lnu.se/forskargrupper/cafo/personal

Colette Fagan

University of Manchester ( email )

Oxford Road
Manchester, M13 9PL
United Kingdom

Inmaculada Cebrian

University of Alcala - Department of Fundamentals of Economics and Economic History ( email )

Plaza de la Victoria 3
Alcalá de Henares, Madrid 28802
Spain

Gloria Moreno

University of Alcala - Department of Fundamentals of Economics and Economic History ( email )

Plaza de la Victoria 3
Alcalá de Henares, Madrid 28802
Spain

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