The Single Currency's Effects on Eurozone Sectoral Trade: Winners and Losers?

Economics-e-Journal Economics Discussion Paper No. 2008-1

19 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2008

See all articles by Sergio de Nardis

Sergio de Nardis

Istituto di Studi e Analisi Economica (ISAE)

Roberta de Santis

Italian National Institute of Statistics

Claudio Vicarelli

ISTAT - Italian National Institute of Statistics

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2008

Abstract

In this paper we study the effect of the single currency across industries for Euro Area members. This analysis may help to shed light on the main factors influencing the euro effect on trade flows. We intend to verify whether these factors are specific to individual sectors and/or countries or common to the entire euro area. We use a dynamic specification of an augmented gravity equation. Following the most recent econometric literature, we apply a System GMM dynamic panel data estimator (Blundell and Bond, 1998) to avoid inconsistency and biases in the estimates, and introduce controls for heterogeneity.

Our preliminary results indicate some heterogeneity at country level. Despite statistically pro-trade effects in the majority of the EMU members, at sectoral level there are some countries in which the impact of the euro has been negative. The pro trade effects are mainly concentrated in scale intensive industries. Industrial specialization and location of these industries, together with other factors (i.e. differences in factor endowments, product regulations across countries), may have determined the winners and the losers in the monetary integration process.

These preliminary findings are in line with those of the few other studies on this issue. In particular, this recent literature seems consistent with Baldwin's (2006) new good hypothesis. However, in our estimates the magnitude of these effects are lower, probably because of our empirical strategy. Moreover, the sector/country analysis points out that other specific factors have been in place in shaping differently the euro effect on trade.

Keywords: International Trade, Currency Unions, Gravity models, Dynamic Panel Data, Blundell-Bond estimates

JEL Classification: F14, F15, F4, F33, C33

Suggested Citation

de Nardis, Sergio and de Santis, Roberta and Vicarelli, Claudio, The Single Currency's Effects on Eurozone Sectoral Trade: Winners and Losers? (January 2008). Economics-e-Journal Economics Discussion Paper No. 2008-1, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1084813 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1084813

Sergio De Nardis

Istituto di Studi e Analisi Economica (ISAE) ( email )

Piazza dell' Indipendenza 4
I-00185
Italy

Roberta De Santis (Contact Author)

Italian National Institute of Statistics ( email )

Via Cesare Balbo 16
00184 Rome, 0185
Italy

Claudio Vicarelli

ISTAT - Italian National Institute of Statistics ( email )

Via Cesare Balbo 16
00184 Rome, 0185
Italy

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