Revealing Future Prospects Without Forecasts: The Case of Accelerating Material Contract Filings
66 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2008 Last revised: 27 May 2014
Date Written: October 19, 2012
Extant research on voluntary disclosure about future prospects has focused on two forward-looking disclosure mechanisms: management forecasts and conference calls. This study examines the accelerated filing of material contracts as another type of future-related disclosure that involves no forecasting. I find that firms are more likely to accelerate material contract filings when forward-looking disclosures could lack credibility or arouse litigation concerns. However, for proprietary cost considerations, firms delay contract filings when facing high (low) product market competition from incumbents (potential entrants). I also find that accelerated contract filing is incrementally associated with lower information asymmetry. Overall, while presenting a cost-benefit trade-off that is distinctly different from forward-looking disclosures, accelerated contract filing has been an important alternative channel though which firms communicate future prospects to investors.
Keywords: Material Contracts, Form 8-K, Management Forecasts, Disclosure Credibility, Proprietary costs
JEL Classification: G12, M41, G32, G38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation