Social Exclusion: Comparative Analysis of Europe and Middle East Youth

50 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2008

See all articles by Hilary Silver

Hilary Silver

Brown University; George Washington University

Date Written: September 2007


Most typically, analyses of youth have employed either the neo-classical economic framework of human capital or the socio-demographic framework of life-course research in the Middle East. While both have produced important findings and insights, their focus on supply-side processes of individuals is limited. The role of institutions on the supply side is especially important in understanding youth disadvantage in the Middle East.

As research turns to the sources of youth disadvantage, comparative studies may fruitfully adopt a perspective oriented to the idea of social exclusion. Whatever the content and criteria of social membership, socially excluded groups and individuals lack capacity or access to social opportunity. Exclusion breaks the larger social bond holding groups together. Thus, exclusion is at once a macro and a micro phenomenon. The theoretical orientation of social exclusion can be distinguished from the previous two approaches in that it considers trajectories of group relations as well as relations between individuals, and examines not only those excluded, but also the excluding institutions and individuals that benefit from the process.

Keywords: youth exclusion, middle east youth, middle east, demographic transition, demographics, employment

Suggested Citation

Silver, Hilary, Social Exclusion: Comparative Analysis of Europe and Middle East Youth (September 2007). Middle East Youth Initiative Working Paper No. 1, Available at SSRN: or

Hilary Silver (Contact Author)

Brown University ( email )

Box 1860
Providence, RI 02912
United States

George Washington University ( email )

2121 I Street NW
Washington, DC 20052
United States

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