Economic Integration and the Civilizing Commerce Hypothesis

17 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2008

See all articles by James E. Anderson

James E. Anderson

Boston College - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)


Economic integration lowers one form of trade costs, tariffs and stimulates changes in other trade costs. This paper offers a model in which integration may raise or lower the important trade cost associated with insecurity. The model can help to explain the varied experience with integration and it points to the usefulness of combining enforcement-policy integration with trade-policy integration.

Suggested Citation

Anderson, James E., Economic Integration and the Civilizing Commerce Hypothesis. World Economy, Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 141-157, January 2008. Available at SSRN: or

James E. Anderson (Contact Author)

Boston College - Department of Economics ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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