Selection Test Anxiety: Investigating Applicants' Self- vs. Other-Referenced Anxiety in a Real Selection Setting

13 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2008

See all articles by Karin Proost

Karin Proost

Open University (Netherlands)

Eva Derous

Erasmus University Rotterdam

Bert Schreurs

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Knut A. Hagtvet

affiliation not provided to SSRN

K. De Witte

University of Leuven (KUL); Maastricht University

Abstract

Test anxiety has received limited attention in personnel selection research, although it may impair the test performance of applicants. This paper describes the development and validation of a new two-dimensional measure of applicants' test anxiety, namely the Self- versus Other-Referenced Anxiety Questionnaire (SOAQ), that embeds worrisome cognitions of anxious applicants in the social evaluative context of self (Self-Referenced Anxiety) and significant others (Other-Referenced Anxiety). An exploratory factor analysis (calibration sample), followed by a confirmatory factor analysis (validation sample) and correlations with several proximal and distal theoretical constructs indicated satisfactory psychometric properties and construct validity for both SOAQ scales. Structural equation modeling further showed a differential impact of Self- and Other-Referenced Anxiety on applicants' test performance within a real personnel selection context. The scientific and practical relevance of these findings are discussed.

Suggested Citation

Proost, Karin and Derous, Eva and Schreurs, Bert and Hagtvet, Knut A. and De Witte, Kristof, Selection Test Anxiety: Investigating Applicants' Self- vs. Other-Referenced Anxiety in a Real Selection Setting. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp. 14-26, March 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1087648 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2389.2008.00405.x

Karin Proost (Contact Author)

Open University (Netherlands)

Valkenburgerweg 177
Heerlen, 6419 AT
Netherlands

Eva Derous

Erasmus University Rotterdam ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands
+31 10 408 9588 (Phone)
+31 10 408 9009 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.eur.nl/fsw/psyweb/homepage/eva_derous.htm

Bert Schreurs

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Knut A. Hagtvet

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Kristof De Witte

University of Leuven (KUL) ( email )

Naamsestraat 69
Leuven, Vlaams Brabant B-3000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.feb.kuleuven.be

Maastricht University ( email )

Boschstraat 24
Maastricht, Vlaams-Brabant 6211 AX
Netherlands
003216326656 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.feb.kuleuven.be

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