Factors Influencing the Neighborhood Supply of Childcare in Massachusetts

Wellelsey College WP 97-04

Posted: 16 Sep 1997

See all articles by Ann Dryden Witte

Ann Dryden Witte

Wellesley College - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Magaly Queralt

Wellesley Child Care Research Partnership

Patricia A. Sjostedt

Wellesley College - Department of Economics

Date Written: July 1997

Abstract

Using factor analysis, ordinary least squares estimation, and maximum-likelihood ordered probit estimation, we examine the relationship between the socioeconomic characteristics of neighborhoods and their supply of licensed childcare. We find that the supply of licensed childcare in Massachusetts is strongly and significantly related to the number of children in the population: the larger the population of children, the more abundant the community's supply of childcare services. We also find that the supply of licensed childcare is strongly and significantly related to certain socioeconomic characteristics of neighborhoods. Specifically, we find that, relative to more socioeconomically sound neighborhoods, the supply of licensed full-day center care is significantly lower in socioeconomically distressed neighborhoods, that is, in high density neighborhoods with a high proportion of poor children receiving public assistance and living in one-parent homes. We also find that the supply of full-day center care is significantly lower in neighborhoods with high proportions of infants and toddlers, high levels of residential mobility, high ratios of adult males to females, and low ratios of adults to young children. We find that socioeconomically distressed neighborhoods are better served by licensed family childcare homes but that they have a more limited supply of licensed family childcare homes than more socioeconomically sound neighborhoods. We find that the supply of licensed family childcare homes is strongly and significantly related to the labor force participation of neighborhood residents.

JEL Classification: H5, I3, R3

Suggested Citation

Dryden Witte, Ann and Queralt, Magaly and Sjostedt, Patricia A., Factors Influencing the Neighborhood Supply of Childcare in Massachusetts (July 1997). Wellelsey College WP 97-04, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=10890

Ann Dryden Witte (Contact Author)

Wellesley College - Department of Economics ( email )

106 Central Street
Wellesley, MA 02181
United States
781-283-2163 (Phone)
781-283-2177 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
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Magaly Queralt

Wellesley Child Care Research Partnership ( email )

Wellesley College
Wellesley, MA 02481
United States

Patricia A. Sjostedt

Wellesley College - Department of Economics ( email )

106 Central Street
Wellesley, MA 02181
United States
617-283-2154 (Phone)
617-283-2177 (Fax)

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