Operational Evidence of Changing Travel Patterns: A Case Study of Montgomery County, Maryland

ITE Journal, pp. 36-44, April 1994

17 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2008

See all articles by David Matthew Levinson

David Matthew Levinson

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ajay Kumar

DIT University Dehradun India

Abstract

This paper utilizes a traffic counts database covering a ten year period (1976-1985)to identify travel trends for Montgomery County, a suburb of Washington D.C.Generally, travel behavior is analyzed using person based travel survey data. The use of traffic counts to understand travel behavior is a relatively new approach. Unlike household surveys, which are typically characterized by respondent and sample bias, and require special effort for their collection, traffic counts are routinely collected by Departments of Transportation and provide the best available measure of observed traffic volumes. The study provides fresh evidence to support some of the earlier findings: an increase in lateral commuting as a share of travel, changes in work and non-work trip proportions, and increase in peak spreading.An interesting result in this paper relates to a more pronounced directionality in radial as compared with lateral trips. The relative symmetry of traffic flows along lateral routes compared with radial routes results in better utilization of the suburban road network. Non-work trips emerge as the more elastic trips, shifting to off-peak hours with an increase in congestion.

Suggested Citation

Levinson, David Matthew and Kumar, Ajay, Operational Evidence of Changing Travel Patterns: A Case Study of Montgomery County, Maryland. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1089131

David Matthew Levinson (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ajay Kumar

DIT University Dehradun India ( email )

India

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