Maternal Health Policies in Transition: Poland and Kyrgyzstan, 1990-2006
Marriage and Family Review, Vol. 3, pp. 180-209, 2008
31 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2008
Starting with the initiation of democratic and market economic transitions, unsupportive policies concerning women's reproductive health were implemented in Kyrgyzstan and Poland in the period 1990-2006. These policies were expressed by a) political decisions limiting available funding to support medical practices protecting women's reproductive health, b) diminishing or restricted dissemination of knowledge about family planning, and c) the implementation of new contraception and abortion policies. Could, then, these changes be perceived as a combat between democratic liberalism, cosmopolitanism and tolerance versus traditionalism, insularism and fundamentalism? We use analyses of policies concerning women's reproductive and maternal health to manifest rivalry between economic crisis and the push towards modernity, and between traditionalism and liberalism. We demonstrate that the return to traditional gender roles and gender policies, and their practical application expressed in maternal health policies, illustrate cultural backlash towards diffusing Western liberalism in countries in political and economic transitions.
Keywords: maternal health, health policy, transitional democracies, Poland, Kyrgyzstan
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation