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Maternal Health Policies in Transition: Poland and Kyrgyzstan, 1990-2006

Buffalo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-06

Marriage and Family Review, Vol. 3, pp. 180-209, 2008

31 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2008  

Barbara Wejnert

State University of New York at Buffalo - Department of Global Gender Studies

Andrea Parrott

Cornell University - Department of Policy Analysis & Management (PAM)

Almagul Djumabaeva

J.Balasaghyn Kyrgyz National University

Abstract

Starting with the initiation of democratic and market economic transitions, unsupportive policies concerning women's reproductive health were implemented in Kyrgyzstan and Poland in the period 1990-2006. These policies were expressed by a) political decisions limiting available funding to support medical practices protecting women's reproductive health, b) diminishing or restricted dissemination of knowledge about family planning, and c) the implementation of new contraception and abortion policies. Could, then, these changes be perceived as a combat between democratic liberalism, cosmopolitanism and tolerance versus traditionalism, insularism and fundamentalism? We use analyses of policies concerning women's reproductive and maternal health to manifest rivalry between economic crisis and the push towards modernity, and between traditionalism and liberalism. We demonstrate that the return to traditional gender roles and gender policies, and their practical application expressed in maternal health policies, illustrate cultural backlash towards diffusing Western liberalism in countries in political and economic transitions.

Keywords: maternal health, health policy, transitional democracies, Poland, Kyrgyzstan

Suggested Citation

Wejnert, Barbara and Parrott, Andrea and Djumabaeva, Almagul, Maternal Health Policies in Transition: Poland and Kyrgyzstan, 1990-2006. Buffalo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-06; Marriage and Family Review, Vol. 3, pp. 180-209, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1090534

Barbara Wejnert (Contact Author)

State University of New York at Buffalo - Department of Global Gender Studies ( email )

12 Capen Hall
Buffalo, NY 14222
United States

Andrea Parrott

Cornell University - Department of Policy Analysis & Management (PAM) ( email )

120 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Almagul Djumabaeva

J.Balasaghyn Kyrgyz National University ( email )

Bishkek
Kyrgyzstan

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