Rejecting the Touchstone: Complete Preemption and Congressional Intent after Beneficial National Bank v. Anderson
72 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2008
The paper examines complete preemption - a jurisdictional doctrine that allows for removal based on a federal preemption defense contrary to the well-pleaded complaint rule. The doctrine was expanded by the Supreme Court in 2003 in Beneficial National Bank v. Anderson. This paper explores efficiency, separation of powers, and federalism problems created by Anderson, both generally and in the context of a specific statutory scheme - the Carmack Amendment. The paper then offers a new framework, modeled on concurrent jurisdiction case law, that ensures reliance on congressional intent but still allows a narrowly defined area for the judiciary to provide federal defensive removal where necessary to effectuate specific congressional purposes.
Keywords: complete preemption, federal courts, well-pleaded complaint rule, civil procedure, separation of powers, federalism, removal
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation