Evidence of Differences in the Effectiveness of Safety-Net Management in European Union Countries

46 Pages Posted: 8 Feb 2008 Last revised: 30 Aug 2010

See all articles by Santiago Carbo-Valverde

Santiago Carbo-Valverde

Bangor Business School; Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) - Colegio Universitario de Estudios Financieros (CUNEF)

Edward J. Kane

Boston College - Department of Finance; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Francisco Rodriguez-Fernandez

University of Granada - Department of Economic Theory and History

Date Written: February 2008

Abstract

EU financial safety nets are social contracts that assign uncertain benefits and burdens to taxpayers in different member countries. To help national officials to assess their taxpayers' exposures to loss from partner countries, this paper develops a way to estimate how well markets and regulators in 14 of the EU-15 countries have controlled deposit-institution risk-shifting in recent years. Our method traverses two steps. The first step estimates leverage, return volatility, and safety-net benefits for individual EU financial institutions. For stockholder-owned banks, input data feature 1993-2004 data on stock-market capitalization. Parallel accounting values are used to calculate enterprise value (albeit less precisely) for mutual savings institutions. The second step uses the output from the first step as input into regression models of safety-net benefits and interprets the results. Parameters of the second-step models express differences in the magnitude of safety-net subsidies and in the ability of financial markets and regulators in member countries to restrain the flow of safety-net subsidies to commercial banks and savings institutions. We conclude by showing that banks from high-subsidy and low-restraint countries have initiated and received the lion's share of cross-border M&A activity. The efficiency, stabilization, and distributional effects of allowing banks to and from differently subsidized environments to expand their operations in partner countries pose policy issues that the EU ought to address.

Suggested Citation

Carbo-Valverde, Santiago and Kane, Edward J. and Rodriguez-Fernandez, Francisco, Evidence of Differences in the Effectiveness of Safety-Net Management in European Union Countries (February 2008). NBER Working Paper No. w13782. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1091417

Santiago Carbo-Valverde

Bangor Business School ( email )

Bangor Business School
College Road
Gwynedd LL57 2DG, Wales LL57 2DG
United Kingdom

Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) - Colegio Universitario de Estudios Financieros (CUNEF) ( email )

Serrano Anguita 9
Madrid, Madrid 28004
Spain

Edward J. Kane (Contact Author)

Boston College - Department of Finance ( email )

Fulton Hall
Chestnut Hill, MA 02467
United States
520-299-5066 (Phone)
617-552-0431 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Francisco Rodriguez-Fernandez

University of Granada - Department of Economic Theory and History ( email )

Granada
Spain

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