Global Trends in Numeracy 1820-1949 and its Implications for Long-Run Growth

41 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2008

See all articles by Dorothee Crayen

Dorothee Crayen

University of Tuebingen

Jörg Baten

University of Tuebingen - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: February 2008

Abstract

This study is the first to explore long-run trends of numeracy for the 1820-1949 period in 165 countries, and its contribution to growth. Estimates of the long-run numeracy development of most countries in Asia, the Middle East, Africa, America, and Europe are presented, using age-heaping techniques. Assessing the determinants of numeracy, we find school enrolment as well as Chinese instruments of number learning to have been particularly important. We also study the contribution of numeracy as measured by the age-heaping strategy for long-run economic growth. In a variety of specifications, numeracy mattered quite strongly for growth patterns around the globe.

Keywords: human capital, age heaping, growth, industrial revolution, numeracy

JEL Classification: I21, N01, N30, O15

Suggested Citation

Crayen, Dorothee and Baten, Jorg, Global Trends in Numeracy 1820-1949 and its Implications for Long-Run Growth (February 2008). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2218. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1092396

Dorothee Crayen

University of Tuebingen ( email )

Economic History
Mohlstr. 36
Tuebingen, 72074
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/uni/wwl/crayen/crayen.html

Jorg Baten (Contact Author)

University of Tuebingen - Department of Economics ( email )

Mohlstrasse 36
D-72074 Tuebingen, 72074
Germany
+49 7071 2972985 (Phone)
+49 7071 295119 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

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