Macroeconomic Interdependence and the International Role of the Dollar

37 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2008 Last revised: 4 Mar 2010

See all articles by Linda S. Goldberg

Linda S. Goldberg

Federal Reserve Bank of New York; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Cédric Tille

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (HEI)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 2008

Abstract

The U.S. dollar holds a dominant place in the invoicing of international trade, along two complementary dimensions. First, most U.S. exports and imports invoiced in dollars. Second, trade flows that do not involve the United States are also substantially invoiced in dollars, an aspect that has received relatively little attention. Using a simple center-periphery model, we show that the second dimension magnifies the exposure of periphery countries to the center's monetary policy, even when direct trade flows between the center and the periphery are limited. When intra-periphery trade volumes are sensitive to the center's monetary policy, the model predicts substantial welfare gains from coordinated monetary policy. Our model also shows that even though exchange rate movements are not fully efficient, flexible exchange rates are a central component of optimal policy.

Suggested Citation

Goldberg, Linda S. and Tille, Cedric, Macroeconomic Interdependence and the International Role of the Dollar (February 2008). NBER Working Paper No. w13820. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1093658

Linda S. Goldberg (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Bank of New York ( email )

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New York, NY 10045
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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cedric Tille

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (HEI) ( email )

PO Box 136
Geneva, CH-1211
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/cedrictilleheid/home

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