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Spillover of Corporate Governance Standards in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions

41 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2008 Last revised: 10 Jan 2009

Marina Martynova

Cornerstone Research; Tilburg University - Department of Finance

Luc Renneboog

Tilburg University - Department of Finance; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)

Date Written: February 1, 2008

Abstract

In cross-border acquisitions, the differences between the bidder and target corporate governance have an important impact on the takeover returns. We measure the difference in the bidder and target corporate governance (in terms of shareholder, minority shareholder, and creditor orientation) with newly constructed indices. Our country-level corporate governance indices capture the changes in the quality of the national corporate governance regulations over the past 15 years. When the bidder is from a country with a strong shareholder orientation (relative to the target), part of the total synergy value of the takeover may result from the improvement in the governance of the target assets. In full takeovers, the corporate governance regulation of the bidder is imposed on the target (the positive spillover by law hypothesis). In partial takeovers, the improvement in the target corporate governance may occur on voluntary basis (the spillover by control hypothesis). Our empirical analysis corroborates both spillover effects. In contrast, when the bidder is from a country with poorer shareholder protection, the negative spillover by law hypothesis states that the anticipated takeover gains will be lower as the poorer corporate governance regime of the bidder will be imposed on the target. The alternative bootstrapping hypothesis argues that poor-governance bidders voluntarily bootstrap to the better-governance regime of the target. We do find support for this bootstrapping effect.

Keywords: takeovers, mergers and acquisitions, cross-border, takeover synergies, corporate governance regulation, contractual convergence, shareholder protection, creditor protection, minority shareholder protection, takeover regulation

JEL Classification: G30, G34, G38, G18, G14, G15

Suggested Citation

Martynova, Marina and Renneboog, Luc, Spillover of Corporate Governance Standards in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions (February 1, 2008). Journal of Corporate Finance, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2008; ECGI - Finance Working Paper No. 197/2008; CentER Discussion Paper Series No. 2008-18; TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2008-008; EFA 2008 Athens Meetings Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1094661

Marina Martynova (Contact Author)

Cornerstone Research ( email )

699 Boylston St
Boston, MA 02116
United States

Tilburg University - Department of Finance ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Room B 906
5000 LE Tilburg
Netherlands

Luc Renneboog

Tilburg University - Department of Finance ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Warandelaan 2
5000 LE Tilburg
Netherlands
+13 31 466 8210 (Phone)
+13 31 466 2875 (Fax)

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

c/o ECARES ULB CP 114
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium

Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)

Warandelaan 2
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

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