Doha Merchandise Trade Reform: What is at Stake for Developing Countries?

Posted: 29 Feb 2008

See all articles by Kym Anderson

Kym Anderson

University of Adelaide - Centre for International Economic Studies (CIES); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Australian National University

Will J. Martin

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Dominique van der Mensbrugghe

World Bank

Date Written: 2006

Abstract

The linkage model of the global economy and the latest Global Trade Analysis Project (gtap) database (version 6.05) are used to examine the impact of current merchandise trade barriers and agricultural subsidies and possible reform outcomes of the World Trade Organization's (wto's) Doha Development Agenda. The results suggest that moving to free global merchandise trade would boost real incomes in Sub-Saharan Africa proportionately more than in other developing countries or in high-income countries, despite the terms of trade loss in parts of that region. Particular attention is given to agriculture, as farmers constitute the poorest households in developing countries but the most assisted in rich countries. Net farm incomes would rise substantially in Sub-Saharan Africa and other developing country regions, alleviating rural poverty. Partial liberalization could move the world some way toward those desirable outcomes, the more so the more developing countries themselves cut applied tariffs, particularly on agricultural imports.

Suggested Citation

Anderson, Kym and Martin, William J. and van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, Doha Merchandise Trade Reform: What is at Stake for Developing Countries? ( 2006). The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 169-195, 2006, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1095622 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhj009

Kym Anderson (Contact Author)

University of Adelaide - Centre for International Economic Studies (CIES) ( email )

School of Economics
Adelaide SA 5005
Australia
+61 8 8313 4712 (Phone)
+61 8 8223 1460 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Australian National University ( email )

Arndt-Corden Dept of Economics
Coombs Building
Canberra, AK ACT 2600
Australia
+61 8 8313 4712 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://publicpolicy.anu.edu.au/crawford_people/content/staff/acde/kanderson.php

William J. Martin

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Dominique Van der Mensbrugghe

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-0052 (Phone)
202-522-1159 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/dvandermensbrugghe

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