Roman Population Size: The Logic of the Debate
37 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2008 Last revised: 10 Jun 2009
Date Written: July 2007
This paper provides a critical assessment of the current state of the debate about the number of Roman citizens and the size of the population of Roman Italy. Rather than trying to make a case for a particular reading of the evidence, it aims to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of rival approaches and examine the validity of existing arguments and critiques. After a brief survey of the evidence and the principal positions of modern scholarship, it focuses on a number of salient issues such as urbanization, military service, labor markets, political stability, living standards, and carrying capacity, and considers the significance of field surveys and comparative demographic evidence.
Keywords: Rome, Population, Demography, Historical Demography
JEL Classification: J10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation