Leaving Welfare and Joining the Labor Force: Does Job Training Help? Evidence from an Innovative Intervention in New York City

40 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2008

See all articles by John Ifcher

John Ifcher

Santa Clara University - Leavey School of Business - Economics Department

Date Written: October 2006

Abstract

Starting in 1999, welfare recipients were required to participate in a job training and outplacement assistance program. Initially, recipients were enrolled in biweekly waves. I identify the effect of the program using an innovative natural experiment in which enrollees are compared to concomitantly eligible, non-enrolled recipients. Adjusting for control group contamination, I find that enrollees were over thirteen percentage points more likely to start a job. The majority of the newly employed remained off welfare for at least two years. Observed differences were not due to macroeconomic shocks or measurement error. The program passes a cost benefit test.

Keywords: welfare reform, job training, natural experiment

Suggested Citation

Ifcher, John, Leaving Welfare and Joining the Labor Force: Does Job Training Help? Evidence from an Innovative Intervention in New York City (October 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1096612 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1096612

John Ifcher (Contact Author)

Santa Clara University - Leavey School of Business - Economics Department ( email )

500 El Camino Real
Santa Clara, CA California 95053
United States

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