Tri-State Vagaries: The Varying Responses of Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania to the Phenomenon of Mistaken Identifications
32 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2008
Date Written: January 1, 2006
Mistaken identifications vex the criminal law, and are a manifest and well-documented source of wrongful convictions. Remediation of this problem requires an understanding of both the psychology of witness perception, memory and recall and the many points in the criminal law process - both investigative and adjudicative - where identification issues loom - lineups and photo arrays; suppression hearings; the direct and cross-examination of eyewitnesses; opening and closing statements; and jury instructions.
This Article examines the psychological findings of more than a quarter century and uses the law of three adjoining states - Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania - to examine how the legal system responds to (or ignores) these findings, with a goal toward identifying areas where improvements in the legal process can increase confidence and accuracy in eyewitness-based prosecutions.
Keywords: mistaken identification, eyewitness, wrongful conviction, criminal law, delaware, pennsylvania, new jersy
JEL Classification: K14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation