Trader Composition and the Cross-Section of Stock Returns
53 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2008
Date Written: March 1, 2008
This paper analyzes the impact of trader composition - i.e., the fraction of total trading volume of a stock accounted for by institutional trading - on the cross-section of stock returns. During 1980-2005, trader composition is significantly different from institutional ownership, a quantity of shareholder composition that has received much more attention in the current literature. We find that trader composition has significant effects on stock returns beyond institutional ownership. Specifically, major stock market anomalies, such as return momentum, post earnings-announcement drift, value premium, and investment effect are much stronger in stocks with lower fraction of institutional trading volume. Furthermore, stocks with lower institutional volume underperform stocks with higher institutional volume by 0.25% to 0.53% per month depending on different return adjustments. These findings suggest a positive relationship between fraction of institutional trading volume and stock price efficiency.
Keywords: Institutions, Volume, Anomaly, Price Efficiency
JEL Classification: G14, G20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation