Environmental Policy in Sweden

Working paper 246

Posted: 9 Sep 1997

See all articles by Bengt Kriström

Bengt Kriström

SLU- Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE)

Soren Wibe

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) - Department of Forest Economics

Date Written: August 27, 1997


We make an attempt to shed light on how Swedish environmental policy has evolved over the years in response to changing environmental problems as well as changing priorities. Our analysis covers the past, the present and, in a sense, the future. A central point we try to make is that the chosen regulatory framework has secured substantial environmental improvements at a reasonable cost. To buttress this finding we provide an in-depth analysis of the institutional set-up, the benefits in terms of reduced emissions as well as the direct and indirect costs of environmental regulations. We also scrutinize the recent shift towards using economic instruments in environmental policy. Section II outlines major environmental problems that have challenged environmental policy in the past. Section III describes the organizational framework, the major environmental laws, and some comparative analysis across a number of similar countries. In section IV we turn to estimates of the benefits and costs associated with the pursued policy, using a two-layer analysis (individual firm/country). Section V provides material on how environmental taxes are constructed and used as well as how they have favored. Included here is a detailed analysis of the double-dividend issue, that has been high on the agenda in the latter part of the 1990s. We end with some remarks on what we believe are fruitful future directions of environmental policy in Sweden.

JEL Classification: Q20, A23, H5, H20, H23, L5, L60

Suggested Citation

Kriström, Bengt and Wibe, Soren, Environmental Policy in Sweden (August 27, 1997). Working paper 246, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=11018

Bengt Kriström (Contact Author)

SLU- Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE) ( email )

Umea, 901 83
+46-(0)90-7865219 (Phone)

Soren Wibe

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) - Department of Forest Economics ( email )

S-901 83 Umea
+46-(0)90-16 61 47 (Phone)
+46-(0)90-16 60 73 (Fax)

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