The Life Cycle of Family Ownership: International Evidence
68 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2008 Last revised: 25 Oct 2011
Date Written: September 2, 2011
We show that in countries with strong investor protection, developed financial markets and active markets for corporate control, family firms evolve into widely held companies as they age. In countries with weak investor protection, less developed financial markets and inactive markets for corporate control, family control is very persistent over time. While family control in high investor protection countries is concentrated in industries with low investment opportunities and low M&A activity, this is not so in countries with low investor protection, where the presence of family control in an industry is unrelated to investment opportunities and M&A activity.
Keywords: ownership, family firms, life cycle, corporate performance
JEL Classification: G32, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation