Monday Effect and Stock Return Seasonality: Further Empirical Evidence
The Business Review, Cambridge, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 282-288, Summer 2008
15 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2008 Last revised: 24 Oct 2010
Date Written: 2008
This study investigates whether the anomalous 'weekend effect' found in many developed and developing markets around the world is also present in the rapidly emerging Indian equity market. We use the real-time data of three of the major indices of the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) for 1999-2007 period. Standardizing the data, we apply a set of descriptive and inferential statistics on the above three indices. Our analysis produced mixed results indicating that the Monday returns are negative and low in the case of two out of three indices. The K-W test, which is a non-parametric test applied to examine whether the ranks of mean returns for each day of the week are equal, shows evidence of a statistically significant difference in the case of one sample index, CNX S&P Nifty Junior. The implication is that the weekend effect is present in small stocks. Dummy variable regression, which again examines the weekend effect shows that Monday returns are negative in one of the bench-mark indices, the NSE S&P Nifty confirming that the Indian Market is inefficient and could be exploited to maximize returns. Surprisingly, Wednesdays have yielded the highest mean returns across indices. However, volatility is also higher in these stocks. These findings offer interesting opportunities for individual investors and portfolio managers to place bid/ask orders in order to maximize their returns. However, due caution needs to be exercised while making the above decisions.
Keywords: Monday Effect, Market Anomalies, Seasonality, K-W-Test, Dummy Variable Regression, Mann-Whitney Test
JEL Classification: G11, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation