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Is the Endangered Species Act Eco-Pragmatic?

58 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2008  

J. B. Ruhl

Vanderbilt University - Law School


The Article evaluates the Endangered Species Act using Dan Farber's theory of eco-pragmatism. Eco-pragmatism employs environmental baselines, a moderated precautionary principle, and adaptive management to mediate environmental policy issues. I conclude that the ESA reflects some of these attributes, but does not coherently assemble a truly eco-pragmatic framework.

Suggested Citation

Ruhl, J. B., Is the Endangered Species Act Eco-Pragmatic?. Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 87, 2002-2003. Available at SSRN:

J. B. Ruhl (Contact Author)

Vanderbilt University - Law School ( email )

131 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37203-1181
United States

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