59 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2008
Date Written: March 18, 2008
We study equity issues when the capacity of the market to absorb risk is limited and time-varying. The model can replicate the dynamics of prices and equity issues observed at the aggregate level. Firms issue equity at high prices and low market returns follow active issuance. In the cross-section, the model predicts that firms with more arbitrage risk are less likely to issue equity. We find empirically that firms with stocks that are harder to arbitrage-stocks with bad substitutes-are less likely to issue equity, issue less equity as fraction of their assets, and have higher leverage.
Keywords: Equity issues, market timing, limits to arbitrage
JEL Classification: G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation