Discriminatory Versus Uniform-Price Electricity Auctions with Supply Function Equilibrium
28 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2008
Date Written: December, 2007
A goal of this paper is to compare results for discriminatory auctions to results for uniform-price auctions when suppliers have capacity constraints. We have a pretty good understanding of what equilibrium results look like for the uniform-price auctions. But an unresolved problem is what happens when a discriminative auction is run and suppliers have capacity constraints. We formulate a supply function equilibrium (SFE) model in continuous offer schedules with inelastic, time varying demand and with single step marginal cost function to compare two auction institutions in the presence of capacity constraints. We show that payments made to the suppliers in the unique equilibrium of the discriminatory auction can be less than the payments in the uniform-price auction, depending on which uniform-price auction equilibrium is selected. For the high demand and/or low excess capacity cases we also characterize mixed strategy supply function equilibrium under the discriminatory auction.
Keywords: Supply function equilibrium, continuous offer schedules, electricity markets, uniform-price auction, discriminatory auction
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By Par Holmberg