Agency and Information Asymmetry Issues in Structural Credit Models: Evidences from Bank Industry
60 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2008
We empirically examine the agency and information asymmetry issues in structural credit models using commercial bank data from 2001 to 2005. We find five independent information asymmetry and agency issue related factors that can explain absolute differences in the default probabilities estimated by various structural models and that implied by credit rating from 45.5% to 77.7%. They include the factors of management-equity agency problem - free cash flow hypothesis, debt-equity agency problem, Information asymmetry, management-equity agency problem - cost efficiency and debt-equity agency problem caused by adverse wealth transfers. These factors are scarcely discussed in literature and should be incorporated into credit modeling. Different from previous empirical literature, we also find that, except the Collin-Dufresne and Goldstein (2001), the other three models underestimate default probabilities on average and the one with dynamic interest rate setting, the Longstaff and Schwartz (1995), performs the best because it takes into consideration of interest dynamics which is crucial for bank operations.
Keywords: Credit Risk, Structural Form Models, Commercial Banks, Agency Problems, Information Asymmetry
JEL Classification: G21, G33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation