Categorizing Science and Technology Across Articles, Patents, Doctoral Programs, and Industries

22 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2008

See all articles by Lynne G. Zucker

Lynne G. Zucker

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Michael R. Darby

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Global Economics and Management (GEM) Area; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: March 3, 2008

Abstract

In our work on biotechnology, it was possible to track a relatively narrowly defined body of knowledge from its origins (largely in universities), to development of inventions represented by patents, to commercial applications in firms and ultimately into goods and service in the market place. Nanobank aims to define a similarly relative narrow but even more broadly interdisciplinary set of articles, patents, and firms with the affiliation and/or location of individual participants identified so far as possible. It is natural to want to compare activities in nanotechnology (or biotechnology) with those in other science and technology (S&T) areas, but in attempting to do so we learned that it was generally more difficult to find narrowly defined areas of science (categorizing articles and doctoral programs) that correspond to narrowly defined areas of technology (categorizing by patent classes) that correspond to narrowly defined areas of industry (categorizing by governmental or financial market definitions of industry).

Keywords: biotechnology, inventions, patents, commercial applications, Nanobank, categorizing, science, technology, articles, doctoral programs, industries

Suggested Citation

Zucker, Lynne G. and Darby, Michael R., Categorizing Science and Technology Across Articles, Patents, Doctoral Programs, and Industries (March 3, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1109109 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1109109

Lynne G. Zucker (Contact Author)

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) ( email )

405 Hilgard Avenue
Box 951361 Departments of Sociology and Policy Studies 2201 Hershey mc 155107
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1361
United States
310-825-3227 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Michael R. Darby

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Global Economics and Management (GEM) Area ( email )

110 Westwood Plaza
Box 951481
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1481
United States
310-825-4180 (Phone)
310-454-2748 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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