Brain Drain and Human Capital Formation in Developing Countries: Winners and Losers

22 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2008

See all articles by Frédéric Docquier

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain; CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Hillel Rapoport

Bar-Ilan University - Department of Economics; Stanford University

Date Written: 0000

Abstract

Using new data on emigration rates by education level, we examine the impact of brain drain migration on human capital formation in developing countries. We find evidence of a positive effect of skilled migration prospects on gross human capital formation in a cross-section of 127 countries. For each country of the sample we then estimate the net effect of the brain drain using counter factual simulations. Countries combining relatively low levels of human capital and low emigration rates are shown to experience a beneficial brain drain, and conversely, there are more losers than winners, and the former tend to lose relatively more than what the latter gain.

Suggested Citation

Docquier, Frédéric and Rapoport, Hillel, Brain Drain and Human Capital Formation in Developing Countries: Winners and Losers (0000). The Economic Journal, Vol. 118, Issue 528, pp. 631-652, April 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1111800 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0297.2008.02135.x

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain ( email )

IRES
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://perso.uclouvain.be/frederic.docquier/

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK

University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Hillel Rapoport

Bar-Ilan University - Department of Economics ( email )

Ramat-Gan, 52900
Israel
+972 3 535 3180 (Fax)

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

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