Juvenile Delinquent Rehabilitation: Placement of Juveniles Beyond Their Communities as a Detriment to Inner City Youths
New England Law Review, Vol. 36., p. 153, 2001
28 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2008 Last revised: 21 Feb 2014
Date Written: March 5, 2010
From their neighborhoods within the urban ghettos of New York City, juvenile delinquents have been regularly removed by the courts and placed in institutional confinement, oftentimes in rural settings. Without the familiarities of their families and schools and facing the daily negative peer and criminal influences, this artificial environment is failing youth and society. Such confinement and isolation from the community may punish the juvenile, but only exacerbates the problem of juvenile crime, as evident from recidivist rates. With an emphasis on New York City, this article explores: the juvenile's right to effective rehabilitation; how this right is being overshadowed by society's demand for pure punishment; how predominant juvenile rehabilitation in residential state placement is failing youth as well as society; the most effective methods of discouraging juvenile delinquency as demonstrated by existing alternative-to-detention programs; and finally, this article will offer suggestions for effective community-based rehabilitation for inner-city youths.
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