Does Job Coaching Work?: Evidence from South Carolina

21 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2008 Last revised: 7 Nov 2013

See all articles by Melayne Morgan McInnes

Melayne Morgan McInnes

University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business

Orgul D. Ozturk

University of South Carolina - Moore School of Business - Department of Economics

Suzanne McDermott

University of South Carolina

Joshua Mann

University of South Carolina

Date Written: 2008

Abstract

Providing employment-related services, including supported employment through job coaches, to individuals with developmental disabilities has been a priority in federal policy for the past twenty years starting with the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act in 1984. We take advantage of a unique panel data set of all clients served by the SC Department of Disabilities and Special Needs between 1999 and 2005 to investigate whether job coaching leads to stable employment in community settings. The data contain information on individual characteristics, such as IQ and the presence of emotional and behavioral problems, that are likely to affect both employment propensity and likelihood of receiving job coaching. We control for unobserved heterogeneity and endogeneity using fixed effects and instrumental variable models. Our results show that unobserved individual characteristics and endogeneity strongly bias naive estimates of the effects of job coaching. However, even after controlling for these, an economically and statistically significant effect remains.

Keywords: Supported employment, job coaching, employment of the disabled

JEL Classification: J29, I38, J14

Suggested Citation

McInnes, Melayne Morgan and Ozturk, Orgul D. and McDermott, Suzanne and Mann, Joshua, Does Job Coaching Work?: Evidence from South Carolina (2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1113170 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1113170

Melayne Morgan McInnes

University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business ( email )

1705 College St
Francis M. Hipp Building
Columbia, SC 29208
United States

Orgul D. Ozturk (Contact Author)

University of South Carolina - Moore School of Business - Department of Economics ( email )

The Francis M. Hipp Building
1705 College Street
Columbia, SC 29208
United States

Suzanne McDermott

University of South Carolina ( email )

701 Main Street
Columbia, SC 29208
United States

Joshua Mann

University of South Carolina ( email )

701 Main Street
Columbia, SC 29208
United States

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