Liability for Oil Pollution: Recent Developments

Environmental Liability, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 55-67, 2004

Maastricht Faculty of Law Working Paper

23 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2008 Last revised: 5 Nov 2009

See all articles by Michael G. Faure

Michael G. Faure

University of Maastricht - Faculty of Law, Metro; Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law

Hui Wang

KU Leuven

Date Written: 2004

Abstract

In this contribution the authors specifically focus on the EU-approach towards the compensation of oil pollution damage. They sketch that originally Europe relied largely on the existence of the international conventions and hence had no particular own initiatives in the domain of oil pollution. Later, especially after Europe was confronted with the major oil spill by the Amoco Cadiz in France in 1978, the Commission started to take several initiatives aiming in the first place at the prevention of oil spills. In a second phase Europe also realized that the compensation mechanism as it was designed by the international conventions can in some cases be largely insufficient to govern the consequences of major spills. More particularly after the more recent Erika (1999) and Prestige (2002) incidents the Commission came with various initiatives, not only to - again - increase maritime safety, but also aiming at awarding better compensation for victims of oil pollution. Interestingly the Commission on the one hand proposed to come up with an own European compensation system, given its opinion concerning the inadequacy of the international regime. At the same time the Commission lobbied with the organization competent to revise the international conventions (more particularly the International Maritime Organization - IMO) to provide higher amounts of compensation through the international regime. The end of the story so far is that Europe's activism in this domain may have triggered an important change in the international regime.

Keywords: Liability, Oil Pollution Damage, Marine Policy, Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage

JEL Classification: K32

Suggested Citation

Faure, Michael G. and Wang, Hui, Liability for Oil Pollution: Recent Developments (2004). Environmental Liability, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 55-67, 2004; Maastricht Faculty of Law Working Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1116192

Yleen Simonis (Contact Author)

METRO ( email )

P.O.Box 616
Maastricht, 6200 MD
Netherlands

Michael G. Faure

University of Maastricht - Faculty of Law, Metro ( email )

PO Box 616
Maastricht, 6200 MD
Netherlands
+31 - 43 - 388 30 60 (Phone)
+31 - 43 - 325 90 91 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.michaelfaure.be

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law ( email )

3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Hui Wang

KU Leuven ( email )

Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium

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