A Probe into the Ways to Stimulate Childhood Immunisation in India: Findings from NFHS-III
Posted: 9 Apr 2008 Last revised: 16 Dec 2009
Date Written: December 10, 2009
The study attempts to analyse the effects of some selected demographic and socioeconomic predictor variables on the likelihood of immunisation of a child for six vaccine-preventable diseases covered under Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP). It focuses on immunisation coverage a) in all India, b) in rural and urban areas, c) for three states, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Uttar Pradesh, and d) for three groups of states, namely, Empowered Action Group, North-Eastern and Other states. The study applies logistic regression model to National Family Health Survey-III (2005-06) data. Excepting only one variable, the results are robust across different models. The likelihood of immunisation increases with urban residence, mother's education level, mother's age, mother's exposure to mass media, mother's awareness about immunisation, antenatal care during pregnancy, wealth index, household electrification, mother's empowerment index, and caste/ tribe hierarchy. It is also higher for boys than girls but it decreases for higher birth-order irrespective of the sex of the child. However, standard of living index and sex of household headship has no effect. Religion and zone of states also have some effects. Further research with both demand- and supply-side issues will be critical for the policy makers to make the immunisation programme justly universal.
Keywords: Immunisation, UIP, NFHS-III, Logit, Unadjusted and Adjusted Likelihood
JEL Classification: C25, I18, J13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation