Politics and Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies
71 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2008
Date Written: June 1, 1997
The economies of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union (FSU) escaped communism with a heavy burden. Despite the collapse of central planning, these economies continued to suffer from heavy political control of economic activity, reflected in massive subsidization of state firms, heavy regulation of entry and operations of private firms, as well as punitive taxation by the government and - separately - by its agents (corruption). Such politicization of the economy had to be reduced significantly for small business formation and growth to begin. In recent years, some countries have succeeded in depoliticizing their economies much better than others. As this paper shows, these are the countries that also had the best growth records.
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