Parental Attention Deficit Disorder
University of San Diego: School of Law
25 J. APPLIED PHIL. 246 (2008)
Family law affords parents broad discretion to shape their children’s talents through special instruction. Why should parents be any less free to use safe biomedical or even prenatal measures to cultivate the same traits? The growing incidence of cosmetic liposuction, eye surgery, height enhancement, and growth stunting for minors call into question the family law paradigm of near-absolute parental control over medical decisionmaking.
This Article calls that paradigm into question by appeal to the role morality of parenthood. I argue that parents bear a dual responsibility to guide children’s lives and accept them as they are. Radical intervention into children’s healthy and normal traits -- whether through genetic or environmental means -- fails to balance the dispositional extremes of control and restraint to which American parents today are susceptible.
I apply this account of parenthood to several challenging cases and reply to two principal objections in the context of selecting offspring. The first concerns the phenomenology of bearing normative obligations to people who do not yet exist. The second concerns the moral logic of criticizing selection among fetuses and embryos in assisted reproduction when we accept trait selection among children in adoption.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 17
Keywords: gene therapy, adoption, cloning, identity, education, treatment/enhancement distinction
JEL Classification: I18, J13, O33
Date posted: April 9, 2008 ; Last revised: August 4, 2012